Tibet, a rich and beautiful land is considered as the best destination for eventual adventure hunter for experiencing enchantment and stimulating mystery of lifetime. The land is even popular as the roof of the world, which lies at an average altitude of 4000m above sea level at the main part of Qinghai- Tibet plateau, south west frontier of China.Trekking in Tibet offers you an exotic land with tremendous scenery, arty monasteries, striking class, secret valleys and centuries old caravan tracks.So, Tibet without any question provide you an unique experience.
The population of this area is 1,890,000 of which, there are the dominations of Tibetans. About 90% of the populations live on farming and husbandry. They produce wheat, peas,rape-seed, and soon. Tibet, aloof from the rest of the world until the beginning of 20th century is often referring as the Third pole of the Globe.
Geographically speaking, Tibet can be divided into three major parts: the east, south and north. To the eastern part of Tibet has forest region occupied one fourth of the land in approximate. The northern part is open grassland where nomads, yak and sheep are dwelling. The same part occupies just about half of the Tibet. Likewise, the southern and northern part is called agricultural region and it absorbs one fourth of Tibet’s land as per the approximate value and considered as the cultural center of Tibet. It includes the major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyanste ad Tsetang etc. The Administrative region is devided in to one municipality and six prefectures. Lhasa is the Municipality of the of Tibet while other six places like Shigatse, Ngari, Lhaoka, Chamdo, nakchu and Nyingtri are the prefectures.
Tibet generally has two classifications of language: Tibeto –Burmen of the Sino-Tibetan family and Himalayan languages seems to be unclear. The people in Tibet use numerous regional dialects, which may sometimes be intelligible and can not be understood by the different speakers.
So far as the religion is concerned it is extremely important for the Tibetan people and Bon is the ancient religion for the Tibetan. But it has been almost eclipsed by Tibetan Buddhism. Tibetan Buddhism has great use on Tibet; apart from this, it is also practised in Mongolia, a part of India. Lhosar, Monlam prayer are the some of the festivals celebrated by the Tibetan people according to the Festival times.
Tibet at a glance
Area: 471,700sq.miles Border 2.5 million sq.km approx.The size of Western Europe
Terrain: 70% grassland, from high plateau to tropical forest.
Climate: Average temperature 2 degrees Celsius (summer) -15 degrees Celsius, extremely dry except dering raining season (July –August)ii
Population: 2.62 million
Ethnic groups: Ethnic Tibetan, Menba Lhoba, Mongols, Hui and a growing number of Han Chinese.
Religion: Tibetan Buddhism, Shoton Festival, Bathing Festival
Currency: Chinese Yuan Renmindi(CNY)
Time: Local Time =UTC+8hrs
Places to visit in Tibet
Traditionally speaking, the city is the seat of Dalai Lama and the capital city of Tibet. It is one of the highest capitals of the world lying at 3700m altitude with the 544sq km area cover. An exotic city even called as “the land of Gods” with the history of over 13 centuries. Lhasa is a central city for cultural, economical, political, and religious activities, which is even known as “the city of sunshine”. Besides this; it is famous for its cultural and historical sites with lots of scenic beauty including Potala Palace, Drepung Monastery, Jokhang Temple, Sera Monastery and Ganden monastery, which in true sense are the real attractions of this city which agriculture has high importance.
Norbu Lanka, a fanciful garden amazed many visitors with its attractive nature and propensity. It is located at about 3km west of Lhasa, covers 46 acres of land area and even popular as the summer place. The superb view of the striking garden was first built in the middle of having 370 rooms of various sizes. It became a goal of the many visitors so, every year many guests glance this garden curiously and some of them spend their holiday and study at the Tibetan style places
A palace which is 117 m high atop the Red hills in Lhasa was built over 1,300years ago in the 17 century by the well known king Songsten Gampo in favour of his wife, Princess Wencheng. This popular palace is located at the heart of Lhasa city and was declared as the world Heritage site by UNESCO in 1994. Once Dalai Lama has used this palace as winter retreat since then this palace is also called winter palace. In the present days, it is used as a museum to showcase the precious articles of history, culture and arts. Potala, without any doubt is well known for the precious sculpture, murals, scripture, Buddha figure, antiques and religious jewelry treasured up, that are of great cultural and artistic value.
The palace is made up of the two parts especially divided by two colours: red and white, which are joined by a small yellow parted structure which houses the sacred banner, hung on the New year festivals. The room of the palace is identified by the number and name in accordingly.
The scene like sturdy forecast in its appearance, 16 feet stone walls with thick base, a great plaza at the south base of the rock surround by walls and gates are some of the real highlights and attractions of the palace which adds heavenly pleasure to the visitors as it lies at the topmost side of the place.
Among the many religious sites, Jokhang temple is one of the popular and the most visited temple in Tibet, lying in the central part of Lhasa city. It is said that this Temple is the first Buddhist sanctuary of Tibet, established in 647A.D. The Temple was even called the “Tsung Khang” or ‘House of Wisdom’ but now it is termed as Jokhang temple, which by means the “House of Lords”. The temple has high importance for the Tibetans and becomes ultimate pilgrimage sites for the Tibetan pilgrims. Jokhang, the oldest temple in Tibet is the house of sitting statue of Sakyamuni Buddha, when he was 12 years old.The visitors can see the astonishing view of chanting, prostrating pilgrims along with its attractive surrounding. Temple’s located scene even impressed the visitors unknowingly so that they are surprised by its unique periphery and sidelined.
Due to its beauty and unique surrounding it has been included in the UNESCO’s world’s Heritage list in 2000.Like Potala Palace, it is probably the most tourist attraction of Lhasa and also the Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace and a spiritual centre of Lhasa.
The peripheral part of the temple is decorated with deer and wheel motif which is believed as the early symbols of Buddhism. Jokhang interior part is dark and it is dedicated to different gods and bodhisattvas.
There are different sites to see from Jokhang Temple. The Tourist can visit this temple in the afternoon as the morning was reserved for pilgrims. However, the best way to experience and observe the temple is to arrive at 8 am to watch the pilgrims performs devotions.
Among three monasteries including Drepung, sera and Ganden, sera is one of the great monasteries in Lhasa,Tibet, lies at the foot of Tatipu Hill and is about 5km north of Jokhang of Lhasa city. It is said to have believed that this monastery is dedicated for Gelugpa or yellow Hat sect, a popular branch of Tibetan Buddhism, discovered by Jamhen chojey,a disciple of Tsong Khapa. Sera in Tibetan language originally mean “The Wild Roses” which covered the hill of its surrounding.This magnificient monasteries covers an area of 114,946 square km. Most importantly this there monasteries are collectively considered as the “The third pillar of the State” .Sera even denotes merciful hails, is challenging to Drepung Monastery which stands for “Rice Heap” in the sense that the hail spoils the rice.
During this discovery in 1419, at its height, it became the residence for more than5, 000 monks and five monastic colleges. The visitors can take real pleasure at the time of afternoon when the monks, some of them are less active out of many hundreds, after finishing their morning scripture classes were took part in debate in the courtyard.
The monastery consists of Great halls, three Tratsangs (college that offers specialised studies) and thirty Khangtsens (residential areas of monks coming from the different part of Tibet).
Drepung monastery in literal sense denotes “Heap of Rice” lying at the foot of Mount Gephel and about 5km from the western superb of Lhasa is one of the great three Gelukpa University monasteries of Tibet and other two are Ganden and Sera. It is the largest among all of Tibetan monasteries was founded in 1416 by Jamyang Choge Tashi Palden housed7, 700 monks and sometimes more than 10,000 monks, has the quality to attract pilgrims and the visitors from around the World.
The most important things to see in this monastery are Assembly Hall on the first floor clutches the arresting statue of Dalai Lama XIII. To the left of Assembly Hall, you can find out the kitchen. The most venerated image found in Drepung monastery is a 15m tall statue of Maitreya Buddha ( future Buddha), designed by Tsongkapa and housed on the third floor of the main building. The visitors are offered by holy water.
The first floors restrain multiple Buddha statue and the other decoration while the second floor houses Buddhist scriptures. A chapel to the north of the second floor house, has sacred mirror which is said that this mirror cure all the facial disease of those who gazed upon it. Ganden podrang (Ganden palace), Tsokchen (Assembly Hall), Ngakpa Tratsang (college of tantric studies), Jamyang Drubpuk (Jamyang choeja’s meditation cave), Loseling Tratsang (college of dialectics) and Tashi Gomang Tratsang are some popular pilgrimage sites to runs at this circuit.